**History of Math Ingenuity Professor Simonson**

**MA 149 Spring 1998**

The purpose of these projects is to see how well you have learned
to read, understand and communicate mathematical ideas. Your
group should meet with me and help define a topic which you will
research historically and technically. You are required to write
a 10 page paper which consists of an historical introduction to
the topic, followed by a survey of particularly interesting
results
and some of their proofs. You need not prove anything on your
own, as you do on the homework, but you must take what you do
find and write it in your own words. You should imagine that
your audience is one of your peers who knows nothing but high
school mathematics. Finally, your paper should conclude with a
discussion of your experience while doing the research; including
what you found easy or hard to understand and what you found
interesting
and why. Also, you should discuss any of your own questions or
conjectures that arose during your research but were left
unresolved.

You are also required to make a half hour presentation of your
topic to the class, which should start with a brief introduction
in order to provide context. Then you should pick one small result
from your paper, and present it in the most interactiive way you
can. Your grade will be determined on your communication skills,
mathematical content, and how well the lesson works with the
class.

Your final grade in the project is 100 ponts for the paper and
50 for the oral presentation.

Some topics in the past:

**1. Tanagrams Squaring the Square.**

**2. Mazes Mathematical Methods of Construction and Solution.
**

**3. Graph Theory Koenigsburg Bridge Problem and Euler Circuits.**

**4. Tiling Escher Drawings, Penrose Tiles and Periodicity**

**5. Volumes Methods of Determining Volumes of Various Solids**

**6. Graph Theory Planar Graphs and Euler's Theorem V-E+F=1.**

**7. Games: Hex Versus the Shannon Switching Game (Bridgit).**

**8. GCD Water Jug Puzzles and the Euclidean Algorithm.**

**9. Probability The Birthday Paradox.**

**10. Finite Differences Shape Cutting Problems.**

**11. Regular Polyhedra A Constructive Proof (Euclid) and an
Abstract Proof.**

**12. Coloring What is Two Colorable?**

**13. Primes Primes of the Form mx+b, Infinite or Finite?**

**14. Square Roots Methods Throughout History.**

**15. Irrational Numbers: Geometric and Algebraic Proofs that the
Square Root of 3 is Irrational.**

**16. Recreational Math Polyominoes.**

**17. Number Theory The Chinese Remainder Theorem.**